By Philip Kitcher
Few musical works loom as huge in Western tradition as Richard Wagner's four-part Ring of the Nibelung
. In Finding an Ending
, eminent philosophers, Philip Kitcher and Richard Schacht, provide an illuminating examine this maximum of Wagner's achievements, concentrating on its far-reaching and refined exploration of difficulties of meanings and endings during this existence and world.
Kitcher and Schacht plunge the reader into the center of Wagner's Ring
, drawing out the philosophical and human value of the textual content and the song. They convey how varied kinds of love, freedom, heroism, authority, and judgment are explored and demonstrated because it unfolds. As they trip throughout its sweeping musical-dramatic panorama, Kitcher and Schacht lead us to the imperative challenge of the Ring--the challenge of endowing lifestyles with actual importance that may be more suitable instead of negated through its finishing, if the perfect kind of finishing are available. The drama originates in Wotan's quest for a metamorphosis of the primordial nation of items right into a international during which lifestyles might be lived extra meaningfully. The authors hint the evolution of Wotan's efforts, the problematic difficulties he confronts, and his mess ups and defeats. yet whereas the matter Wotan poses for himself proves to be insoluble as he conceives of it, they recommend that his very efforts and screw ups set the degree for the transformation of his challenge, and for the one type of answer of it that could be humanly possible--to which it's not Siegfried yet particularly Brünnhilde who exhibits the way.
s finishing, with its passing of the gods above and destruction of the realm lower than, may appear to be devastating; yet Kitcher and Schacht see one of those which means in and during the finishing published to us that's profoundly affirmative, and that has probably by no means been so powerfully and so fantastically expressed.