Category: History

  • Download E-books The Golden Empire: Spain, Charles V, and the Creation of America PDF

    By Hugh Thomas

    From a grasp chronicler of Spanish heritage comes an impressive paintings concerning the pivotal years from 1522 to 1566, whilst Spain used to be the best eu energy. Hugh Thomas has written a wealthy and riveting narrative of exploration, development, and plunder. At its heart is the unforgettable ruler who fought the French and elevated the Spanish empire, and the daring conquistadors who have been his brokers. Thomas brings to lifestyles King Charles V—first as a gangly and easygoing formative years, then as a liberal statesman who passed all his predecessors in his pursuits for conquest (while ensuring to take care of the humanity of his new topics within the Americas), and eventually as a besieged Catholic chief passionate about Protestant heresy and in simple terms in making the most of these he presided over.

    The Golden Empire additionally offers the mythical males whom King Charles V despatched on perilous and unparalleled expeditions: Hernán Cortés, who governed the “New Spain” of Mexico as an absolute monarch—and whose rebuilding of its capital, Tenochtitlan, was once Spain’s maximum fulfillment within the 16th century; Francisco Pizarro, who set out with fewer than 200 males for Peru, infamously performed the final self reliant Inca ruler, Atahualpa, and was once eventually murdered amid intrigue; and Hernando de Soto, whose glittering trip to settle land among Rio de los angeles Palmas in Mexico and the southernmost keys of Florida led to unhappiness and loss of life. Hugh Thomas unearths as by no means sooner than their torturous trips via jungles, their brutal sea voyages amid appalling storms and pirate assaults, and the way a cash-hungry Charles sponsored them with loans—and bribes—obtained from his German banking friends.

    A sweeping, compulsively readable saga of kings and conquests, armies and armadas, dominance and gear, The Golden Empire is a crowning fulfillment of the Spanish world’s most well known historian.
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  • Download E-books At the Point of a Cutlass: The Pirate Capture, Bold Escape, and Lonely Exile of Philip Ashton PDF

    By Gregory N. Flemming

    Based on a unprecedented manuscript from 1725, At the purpose of a Cutlass uncovers the superb voyage of Philip Ashton -- a nineteen-year outdated fisherman who used to be captured by way of pirates, escaped on an uninhabited Caribbean island, after which miraculously arrived again domestic 3 years later to inform his really good story.
         Taken in a shock assault close to Nova Scotia in June 1722, Ashton used to be compelled to sail around the Atlantic and again with a group less than the command of Edward Low, a guy so vicious he tortured sufferers via cutting off an ear or nostril and roasting them over a hearth. "A higher monster," one colonial legit wrote, "never infested the seas." Ashton slightly survived the 9 months he sailed with Low's workforce -- he was once approximately shot within the head at gunpoint, got here as regards to drowning while a boat sank close to the coast of Brazil, and was once virtually hanged for secretly plotting a insurrection opposed to the pirates.
         Like many pressured males, Ashton suggestion regularly approximately escaping. In March of 1723, he observed his likelihood while Low's group anchored on the secluded island of Roatan, on the western fringe of the Caribbean. Ashton fled into the thick, overgrown woods and, for greater than a yr, needed to claw out a dwelling at the distant strip of land, thoroughly on my own and with essentially not anything to maintain him. the chance to flee got here so unexpectedly that Ashton ran off with out a gun, a knife, or perhaps a pair of boots on his ft. but the resilient younger castaway -- who has been referred to as America's real-life Robinson Crusoe -- was once capable of finding foodstuff, construct a crude shield, or even live on a debilitating fever because of the cool iciness rains earlier than he used to be rescued by means of a band of guys crusing close to the island. in accordance with Ashton's personal first-hand account, besides trial documents, logbooks, and a wealth of alternative archival facts, At the purpose of a Cutlass items jointly the unforgettable tale of a guy thrust into the violent global of a pirate send and his bold survival and escape.
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  • Download E-books The Reef: A Passionate History: The Great Barrier Reef from Captain Cook to Climate Change PDF

    By Iain McCalman

    Stretching 1,400 miles alongside the Australian coast and visual from house, the nice Barrier Reef is domestic to 3 thousand person reefs, greater than 9 hundred islands, and hundreds of thousands of marine species, and has alternately been considered as a perilous maze, an monetary bounty, a systematic frontier, and a precarious global history web site. Now the historian and explorer Iain McCalman takes us on a brand new experience into the reef to bare how our moving perceptions of the wildlife have formed this striking seascape. Showcasing the lives of twenty participants spanning greater than centuries, The Reef highlights our profound wish to overcome, comprehend, embody, and eventually shop the world's most intricate ocean ecosystem.

    Opening with the tale of Captain James prepare dinner, who sailed unknowingly into the southwest front of this titanic community of coral outcroppings, McCalman indicates how cook dinner spent months navigating this treacherous underwater labyrinth, suffering to maintain his team alive and his send afloat, sparring with misleading shoals and cautious local islanders. via a chain of dramatic stories from intrepid explorers, unwitting castaways, inquisitive naturalists, enchanted artists, and impassioned environmentalists who've jointly formed our principles concerning the nice Barrier Reef, McCalman demonstrates how this grand normal ask yourself of the area was once equipped as a lot by means of human mind's eye as through the industrious, appealing creatures of the ocean.

    A romantic, traditionally major booklet and a deeply own trip into the guts of a marine atmosphere at risk, The Reef powerfully captures the fragile courting among humanity and the normal world.

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  • Download E-books The Medieval English Landscape, 1000-1540 PDF

    By Graeme J. White

    The panorama of medieval England used to be the made of a mess of palms. whereas the facility to form the panorama necessarily lay with the Crown, the the Aristocracy and the spiritual homes, this learn additionally highlights the contribution of the peasantry within the format of rural settlements and ridge-and-furrow box works, and the investment of parish church buildings through traditional townsfolk. the significance of inhabitants tendencies is emphasized as a significant factor in shaping the medieval panorama: the emerging curve of the 11th to 13th centuries enforcing becoming pressures on assets, and the devastating impression of the Black demise resulting in radical decline within the fourteenth century. beginning with a broad-ranging research of political and financial tendencies in medieval England, the ebook progresses thematically to evaluate the impression of farming, rural cost, cities, the Church, and fortification utilizing many unique case stories. The concluding bankruptcy charts the tip of the medieval panorama with the dissolution of the monasteries, the substitute of castles through kingdom homes, the continuing enclosure of fields, and the expansion of cities.
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  • Download E-books Gangsterismo: The United States, Cuba and the Mafia, 1933 to 1966 PDF

    By Jack Calhoun

    Gangsterismo is a rare accomplishment, the main complete heritage but of the conflict of epic forces over a number of a long time in Cuba. it's a chronicle that touches upon deep and ongoing subject matters within the heritage of the Americas, and extra particularly of the U.S. govt, Cuba prior to and after the revolution, and the felony networks often called the Mafia.The results of 18 years' examine at nationwide documents and presidential libraries in Kansas, Maryland, Texas, and Massachusetts, this is the tale of the making and unmaking of a gangster country in Cuba. within the early Nineteen Thirties, mobster Meyer Lansky sowed the seeds of gangsterismo while he gained Cuban strongman Fulgencio Batista's help for a jointly priceless association: the North American Mafia have been to percentage the gains from a destiny colony of casinos, motels, and nightclubs with Batista, his internal circle, and senior Cuban military and cops. In go back, Cuban experts allowed the Mafia to function its institutions with no interference. Over the following twenty-five years, a gangster nation took root in Cuba as Batista, different corrupt Cuban politicians, and senior Cuban military and cops bought wealthy. All was once going swimmingly until eventually a handful of revolutionaries upended the neat association: and the CIA, Cuban counterrevolutionaries, and the Mafia joined forces to aim the overthrow of Castro.Gangsterismo is exclusive within the literature on Cuba, and establishes for the 1st time the critical, broad position of mobsters within the Cuban exile flow. The narrative unfolds opposed to a broader old backdrop of which it used to be an element: the disagreement among the USA and the Cuban revolution, which became Cuba into probably the most perilous battlegrounds of the chilly struggle.
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  • Download E-books Death and Salvation in Ancient Egypt PDF

    By Jan Assmann

    "Human beings," the acclaimed Egyptologist Jan Assmann writes, "are the animals that experience to stay with the information in their loss of life, and tradition is the realm they bring about to allow them to stay with that knowledge." In his new booklet, Assmann explores photographs of demise and of dying rites in old Egypt to supply startling new insights into the actual personality of the civilization as a whole.

    Drawing at the unusual style of the loss of life liturgy, he arrives at a remarkably accomplished view of the faith of demise in historic Egypt. Assmann describes intimately 9 diversified pictures of demise: demise because the physique being torn aside, as social isolation, the concept of the court docket of the lifeless, the lifeless physique, the mother, the soul and ancestral spirit of the useless, loss of life as separation and transition, as homecoming, and as mystery. Death and Salvation in historical Egypt additionally contains a attention-grabbing dialogue of rites that replicate ideals approximately demise via language and ritual.

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  • Download E-books Il farmacista di Auschwitz PDF

    By Dieter Schlesak

    Viktor Capesius, il farmacista di Auschwitz, seleziona personalmente le vittime da mandare al rogo, le fa spogliare consistent with mandarle a morire, distribuisce dosi di Zyklon B, il gasoline letale. Fra i condannati, non solo sconosciuti, ma anche tanti suoi antichi vicini di casa della cittadina rumena di Sighisoara, gli stessi che in una fotografia degli anni Trenta lo circondano sorridenti in uno stabilimento balneare. Tutti suoi compaesani, come Ella Salomon che da ragazzina entrava nella sua farmacia in line with ricevere in dono qualche caramella, e che ora si arrampica fino alla piccola feritoia del vagone dei deportati consistent with cercare un po' d'aria, nel tentativo di non impazzire; il dottor Mauritius Berner, che appena arrivato al campo si vede strappare dalle braccia, mute e atterrite, le sue gemelline di soli sei anni, che moriranno poche ore dopo; o Adam, il deportato costretto a entrare a miles parte del Sonderkommando Crematori, un uomo che ancora oggi, dentro di sé, custodisce ricordi che sono come bestie nere.
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